Browsing by Author "Wells, Terry L."
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ItemGender Matters Differences in State Probation Officer Stress(Sage Publications, 2006) Wells, Terry L.; Colbert, Sharla S.; Slate, Risdon N.The causes of stress for criminal justice practitioners, including probation officers, can generally be categorized into four areas: internal to the organization, external to the organization, the job or task itself, or personal in nature. Historically, criminal justice agencies have been characterized as male-dominated organizations. However, the presence of females in the criminal justice arena is growing, as evidenced in this project. The purpose of this analysis is to examine female and male perceptions of stress among what has been a predominately male-occupied position, probation officers. Overall, the findings suggest that female probation officers exhibit greater signs of physical stress yet, remarkably, reflect lower levels of occupational stress in the study at hand. With the limitations of this study in mind, prospects for further research are delineated. ItemOpening the Manager's Door: State Probation Officer Stress and Perceptions of Participation in Workplace Decision Making(Sage Publishing, 2003) Slate, Risdon N.; Wells, Terry L.; Johnson, W. WesleyStress can be costly not only to individuals but also to organizations. Participatory management has been recommended as a means for reducing probation officer stress. This article via self-report surveys of probation personnel in a southern state considers the relationship of a number of demographic variables with employee perceptions of participation in workplace decision making, job satisfaction, and organizational and physical stress levels. Construction of a structural model revealed that employee perceptions of participation in a workplace decision making was an important variable in relationship to job satisfaction and its influence on both reported organizational and physical symptoms of stress. The results lend further credence to the use and development of participatory management schemes within probation organization. . ItemProbation officer stress: Is there an organizational solution?(Administrative Office of the United States Courts, 2000-06) Slate, Risdon N.; Johnson, W. Wesley; Wells, Terry L.Reviews research on factors in probation officer stress and possible organizational remedies. Findings from stress studies include a direct correlation between occupational level and job satisfaction; significant causes of stress from unnecessary paperwork, lack of time to accomplish the job, financial concerns, uncertainty about retirement benefits, insufficient mileage reimbursement, and family matters; and a greater propensity for quitting among entry-level probation officers and among better educated and minority probation officers. Findings on possible organizational remedies include an emphasis on participatory management as a means of reducing probation officer stress and/or burnout. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)