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Women in STEM: Effects of gender and occupation in biased perception of professionals

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dc.contributor.author King, Jordan
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-16T19:04:57Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-16T19:04:57Z
dc.date.issued 2019-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11416/460
dc.description Honors thesis Spring 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Research shows that female professionals are viewed more negatively than males (Abel & Meltzer, 2007), and are more likely to experience gender discrimination in male-dominated careers (Bobbitt-Zeher, 2011). This is especially relevant to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) professionals. People tend to associate STEM occupations with masculinity more than non-STEM jobs (White & White, 2006). According to role congruity theory, women in masculine jobs have occupations incongruous with gender expectations, potentially increasing bias against them (Clow, Ricciardelli, & Bartfay, 2015). There is limited literature regarding the role of sexism in predicting attitudes toward women in stereotypically masculine jobs. The current study investigated how a professional’s gender and their occupation’s stereotypical masculinity affected participant perceptions and the role of ambivalent sexism in predicting those attitudes. Specifically, the researchers predicted that participants would view women and men in gender-incongruent occupations more negatively. Participants read one of four vignettes and completed a survey assessing their views of the professional and degree of ambivalent sexism. The vignettes differed on gender (male vs. female) and job-type (doctor vs. school teacher). Based on 290 participants, the results indicated that there was no main effect of gender or occupation or an interaction between them on the perception of the professional. en_US
dc.publisher Florida Southern College en_US
dc.subject Sex discrimination en_US
dc.subject Sex discrimination against women en_US
dc.subject Women in science en_US
dc.title Women in STEM: Effects of gender and occupation in biased perception of professionals en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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