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Using the Post-exercise Muscle Ischemia Test to Predict Hypertension

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dc.contributor.author Diamond, Ryan
dc.contributor.author Marshall, Erica M.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-23T15:20:45Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-23T15:20:45Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-29
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11416/538
dc.description Presented at Fiat Lux Spring 2021. en_US
dc.description.abstract Hypertension increases risk cardiovascular disease and mortality and is defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 130mmHg and/or a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 80mmHg. Early detection and prevention are essential. The American College of Sports Medicine suggests that hypertension may be predicted by an exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response. Further, this abnormal BP response may be mediated by a heightened metaboreflex. The post-exercise muscle ischemia (PEMI) test can be used to assess BP reactivity due to actions of the metaboreflex. During the PEMI test, the subject performs two minutes of isometric hand grip exercise. Then, in the final seconds of exercise a BP cuff on the upper arm is inflated to suprastolic levels for three minutes. BP reactivity is calculated as the difference between the highest and lowest BP during the test and rest. If the individual has an increase in BP ≥ 22 mmHg they are considered a hyperreactor. Therefore, the PEMI test may be used by exercise and health professionals to identify hyperreactors, or those at risk for developing hypertension. Following this test, an intervention can then be initiated, such as exercise training, to improve BP reactivity and hypertensive risk. en_US
dc.publisher Florida Southern College en_US
dc.subject Hypertension en_US
dc.subject Systolic blood pressure en_US
dc.subject Cardiovascular system -- Diseases -- Prevention en_US
dc.subject Exercise en_US
dc.title Using the Post-exercise Muscle Ischemia Test to Predict Hypertension en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US

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