Effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Sleep Quality in People With Drug Addiction and Non-Addicts and the Role of Resilience Between Them
People with drug addiction are more likely to suffer from sleep disorders than non-addicts. The roles that childhood adversity experiences and resilience play in the development of sleep disorders will be explored in this study. A total of 459 participants with drug addiction and 400 non-addicts were investigated with the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale from April 2019 to December 2020. Our results suggested that participants with drug addiction had worse sleep quality compared to non-addicts. Resilience acted as a mediator and significantly affected the relationship between ACEs and sleep quality. For all participants who experienced ACEs, individuals with high resilience reported lower PSQI score, the regulatory effect of medium and high resilience on sleep quality was better than that of low resilience. Moreover, comparing to the non-addicts who experienced mild ACEs, high resilience showed a good buffer effect on the sleep quality for people with drug addiction. And high resilience played a stronger regulatory role in females as compared to males. The results help to broaden the relevant research in the field of sleep and we should pay attention to the role of resilience in regulating sleep quality.
He, J., Wang, R., Liu, J., & Yip, P. (2022). Effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Sleep Quality in People With Drug Addiction and Non-Addicts and the Role of Resilience Between Them. Psychological Reports. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/00332941221076776