Integrating Communication and Sensor Arrays to Model and Navigate Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Systems
The emerging concept of drone swarms creates new opportunities with major societal implications. However, future drone swarm applications and services pose new communications and sensing challenges, particularly for collaborative tasks. To address these challenges, in this paper, we integrate sensor arrays and communication to propose a mathematical model to route a collection of autonomous unmanned aerial systems (AUAS), a so-called drone swarm or AUAS swarm, without having a base station of communication but communicating with each other using multiple spatio-temporal data. The theories of structured matrices, concepts in multi-beam beamforming, and sensor arrays are utilized to propose a swarm routing algorithm. We address the routing algorithm’s computational and arithmetic complexities, precision, and reliability. We measure bit-error-rate (BER) based on the number of elements in sensor arrays and beamformed output of the members of the swarm to authenticate and secure the routing for the decentralized AUAS networking. The proposed model has the potential to enable future drone swarm applications and services. Finally, we discuss future work on obtaining a machine-learning-based low-cost drone swarm routing algorithm. © 2022 by the authors.
Perera, S. M., Myers, R. J., Sullivan, K., Byassee, K., Song, H., & Madanayake, A. (2022). Integrating Communication and Sensor Arrays to Model and Navigate Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Systems. Electronics, 11(19), 3023. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11193023