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This collection includes scholarly output from both faculty and students in Criminology.
- ItemIn and Out of “The Lifestyle”: Theoretical Explanations for Female Offending and Desistance From Crime(Violence and Victims, 2022-10-01) Carter, Lisa M.This qualitative study of theoretical frameworks was conducted to explain criminal offending and attitudes towards desistance from crime for a sample of 26 women reintegrating back into society after incarceration. Theoretical pathways and desistance theories were used to provide themes for analyzing in depth interviews, journal entries written by the study’s participants, and halfway house records. Pathways and desistance perspectives suggest that gendered pathways can explain how women are led into criminal lifestyles, as well as how their criminality may come to an end. Distinct gender-specific policy implications and programs, as well as directions for future research, are also discussed. © 2022 Springer Publishing Company.
- ItemThe future of community corrections is now: Stop dreaming and take action(Sage Publications, Inc., 2012) Lutze, Faith E.; Johnson, W. Wesley; Clear, Todd R.; Latessa, Edward J.; Slate, Risdon N.The political, economic, and social context in which community corrections functions makes it extremely difficult to achieve successful outcomes. The current fiscal crisis, however, is forcing change as many states can no longer support the cost of our 30-year imprisonment binge. As in the past, community corrections will be expected to pick up the pieces of an overcrowded and expensive prison system. The authors argue that community corrections is capable of taking on this challenge and can be successful if policy makers take action to reduce prison and community supervision populations, ensure that agencies are structured to proactively support evidence-based practice, and recognize corrections as a human services profession. The authors present a number of actions that can be taken to promote a new era of shared responsibility in corrections that is framed within a human rights perspective and driven by an ethic of care.
- ItemIntroduction (Editorial)(Taylor & Francis, 2017) Marcum, Catherine D.; Carter, Lisa M.This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book examines the reentry process for a special group of offenders: females. It discusses how lack of dependable transportation—an issue experienced by a large majority of female offenders due to low income and geographic barriers—affects the ability to gain employment, attend required meetings and treatments, and other daily life affiliations. The book addresses the physical needs specifically affiliated with the female and how lack of medical treatment during incarceration, and living in an unhealthy environment, can negatively impact health after release. It explains an issue unique to females: reproductive and gynecological needs. The book also discusses the difficulty maintaining family bonds during incarceration due to visitations issues and placement of children, and the challenges females meet when attempting to reunite with family members and children during reentry.
- ItemThe federal witness protection program: Its evolution and continuing growing pains(aylor & Francis Group, 1997) Slate, Risdon N.The history of the Federal Witness Security Program, commonly called the Witness Protection Program, is recounted. The operations of the program since its inception in 1970 have grown beyond anyone's wildest speculations.
- ItemFrom the jailhouse to capitol hill: Impacting mental health court legislation and defining what constitutes a mental health court(Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, 2003) Slate, Risdon N.This article examines congressional testimony preceding the passage of legislation authorizing federal funds for mental health courts and makes the case for the importance of anecdotal evidence in the process. The magnitude of persons with mental illness in the criminal justice system is considered, as well as factors that have led to the criminalization of this population. The concept of therapeutic jurisprudence is discussed, and commonalities in the emergence of mental health courts and methods of supervision are examined. Areas of concern are addressed, and mental health courts are advocated as a commonsense approach to diverting persons with mental illness from the criminal justice system and ensuring linkages to treatment.